The main rodent representatives with which we are familiar are: guinea pigs, rats, mice, hamsters, chinchillas, ferrets and squirrels. Most of these animals are domesticated.
There are dozens of rodent families. The smallest species are the dwarf hamster and dwarf mouse. The largest rodent is the capybara.
Rabbits are usually also counted as rodents. This is an inaccurate classification as rabbits are in fact lagomorphs. Yet, there are many similarities between the two which can lead to inevitable confusion.
Rodents and rabbits are classified according to their eating habits:
- Herbivore = 100% plant eater (e.g. rabbit, guinea pig, chinchilla, etc.)
- Omnivore = eats food of both plant and animal origin (e.g. hamster, mouse, rat, squirrel, etc.)
- Carnivore = 100% meat eater (ferret)